Spotted Hyena (Crocuta crocuta)
Least Concern (LC)
Shoulders higher than rump, sloped back, short brown-yellow coat with numerous dark brown splotches. Rounded ears.
||120-180cm long, 85cm shoulder height
Nocturnal and sometimes diurnal in safe, protected areas. Female led family groups from 3 to 15+ individuals. Territories of ‘clans’ are marked with anal gland secretions, urine, and white fecal droppings known as latrine sites and are defended against other clans. Can be very vocal where present.
Very social animals, in which all member of the clan work to protect and raise young. Hunting sometimes occurs in packs depending on prey size. Vocalizations are frequent to identify locations of other individuals of clan.
||16 months, with a range of 11-21 months
||Throughout the year.
|Number of offspring
||1-4 cubs born to each female. Young are uniform dark brown with lighter heads, spots begin to appear at around 4 months at which time they are moved from underground dens and begin moving with the clan.
Open country including sand dunes, rocky areas and bushveld. Absent from coastal areas.
Scavengers but also hunters of large prey. Prey includes insects up to zebra, kudu and some reported giraffe kills. During a hunt, hyenas can maintain a speed of around 45 kmh to catch prey animals.
Lions and humans.
Spotted Hyena at Naankuse sites