Rock Hyrax (Procavia capensis)

Conservation Status

Least Concern (LC)

Physical Description

Rodent-like at first sight; Colour of upper parts varies from pale grey to dark chocolate, under parts being lighter; Stoutly built with short legs and no tail; Small rounded ears;
Weight 3 - 4 kg
Size 45 - 55 cm
Lifespan (wild) 8 - 12 years
Lifespan (captivity) 11 - 12 years


Diurnal; sun basking in mornings; one or two individuals generally keeps watch for predators and gives an alarm call when danger approaches; gregarious

Social and Reproduction

Group living; group sizes varies between 2 – 17 female adults with 1 dominant territorial male; Strict hierarchy;

Mating System Polygamy (Polgyny)
Breeding interval Once a year; oestrus cycle of +- 12 days
Breeding season Varies according to area: Hot, dry areas young are dropped in cooler months of June and July.
Gestation 8 months
Number of offspring 1 - 6 (environmentally influenced); average of 2. (+- 150 - 300g at birth)

Habitat and Food


Widely distributed from arid mountainous areas and dry savanna to sub-tropical and moist woodlands


Omnivore; grasses, roots, fruits, insects and small lizards’. At times aromatic forbs and shrubs, including some species which might be poisonous to other animals.


Leopards, large birds and snakes

Conservation Challenges

Habitat loss

Naankuse Solutions

EDUCATION!! Rehabilitation, reintroduction


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Rock Hyrax at Naankuse sites