Kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros)

Conservation Status

Least Concern (LC)

Physical Description

Large antelope with long legs, 6-10 vertical white stripes on grey-brown sides. Large round ears, black-brown bushy tail with white underside. Males carry characteristic long, spiraled horns.
Weight 180-250 kg
Size 140-150 cm shoulder height.
Lifespan (wild) Unknown
Lifespan (captivity) 20-23 years


Groups of around 3-10 individuals are common. Mature males are either solitary or in bachelor groups outside of the breeding season, following groups of females only for mating. They are most active in the early morning and late afternoon hours.

Social and Reproduction

Females form groups with offspring and sub-adults, while males become nomadic once mature, often forming bachelor groups of 2-6 bulls.

Mating System Polygamy (Polgyny)
Breeding interval About once every 12 month cycle.
Breeding season Mid-winter months from June to August, with calves born during the summer months.
Gestation 210 days
Number of offspring 1 calf is born away from the herd, usually weighing about 16 kg. The calf will hide for a few days until it is strong enough to keep up with the group.

Habitat and Food


Wooded savannah, arid areas with bush encroachment, and mountainous terrain.


Prominent browsers of acacias and bushes; will graze on occasion.


Leopards, lions, wild dogs, hyenas; young are vulnerable to small predator attacks such as jackal and caracal.

Conservation Challenges

Seen as pests in agricultural areas where they brows on crops. Previous rabies outbreak notably reduced the population in some areas.

Naankuse Solutions

Kudu populations are thriving on Naankuse properties; orphaned young are raised and released back into the wild.


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Kudu at Naankuse sites