Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus)
Least Concern (LC)
The hartebeest is a large ungulate with coat color varying from pale brown, to red to gray. Both females and males have horns. Hartebeests have long legs, with a short neck, pointed ears and an elongated and narrow face. The large chest and sharply sloping back of a hartebeest can distinguish it from other antelope.
||1.5 – 2.45 m in length, shoulder height of 1.1 – 1.5 m
||11 – 20 years
||up to 20 years
In herds males will take over a territory and the females within it through defeating the existing territorial male, and then staying within his home range to defend his territory. Hartebeests rarely migrate.
Hartebeest are social animals that live in herds of up to 300 individuals. Mating seasons vary seasonally, occurring throughout the year depending on location. Members of a herd are comprised of adult territorial males, adult non-territorial males, young males and females with young.
||Throughout the year
|Number of offspring
Hartebeest inhabit savannas, woodlands and open plains of Botswana, Namibia, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Kenya
Hartebeest are herbivorous grazers whose diet consists mainly of grass.
Hartebeest predators include lion, leopard, hyena, hunting dogs and people as well as cheetahs and jackals which prey on calves.
Hartebeest at Naankuse sites