Common duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia)

Conservation Status

Least Concern (LC)

Physical Description

Uniform grey-brown to reddish-yellow upperparts with paler (sometimes white) underparts. Black blaze (vertical stripe) on face. Distinctive black ‘scar’ on cheeck which is a scent gland. Short tail , black above and white below. Ears somewhat long and narrow. Crest (tuft) of long hair usually present on top of head. Males have horns, females generally not (though sometimes with short, stubby horns).
Weight 12 to 25 kg
Size 60cm at shoulder, 100cm length.
Lifespan (wild) 12 years
Lifespan (captivity) 14 years


Social and Reproduction

Mainly active during early morning, evening and night hours. Form monogamous breeding pairs.

Mating System Monogamy
Breeding interval no evidence of peak breeding season; will give birth during all months of the year.
Breeding season none
Gestation 4-7 months
Number of offspring generally only one (sometimes two)

Habitat and Food


Savannas grasslands and woodlands


Generally eat leaves and shoots from bushes as well as fruits and flowers that drop to ground from feeding birds. Will dig up roots and tubers with their hooves. May also eat insects. Water requirements generally provided by vegetation consumed.


Humans, Leopard, Cheetah, Hyaena, African wild dog

Conservation Challenges


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Common duiker at Naankuse sites