Caracal (Caracal (African Lynx))
Least Concern (LC)
Caracals have brown to red coats, females are typically lighter in colour than males.
The face has black markings around the whisker pads, around the eyes and faintly down the centre of the head and nose.
The trademark features are the elongated and black-tufted ears.
Their legs are relatively long with the hind legs more so and well muscled. The tail is short.
Caracals are solitary, except for the duration of mating and while mothers are rearing infants. Primarily nocturnal caracals can be active during the day especially in undisturbed regions.
||annual; once per year
||anytime; but often during August-December so young are born in summer.
|Number of offspring
||1-6; young are weaned at 4-6 months and become independent at around 9-10 months.
Caracals occupy diverse habitats but typically found in woodlands, thickets and scrub forest, plains and rocky hills are also common habitats.
They can tolerate quite arid conditions.
Caracals are strict carnivores; the bulk of their diet consisting of hyraxes, hares, rodents, small antelopes, small monkeys, birds and sometimes small reptiles. Although they are renowned for their acrobatic leaps to snatch birds out of mid-air, mammals make up more than half of their diet.
They are formidable predators able to tackle prey up to three times their size.
Lions, Leopards, Hyaenas, Humans
Caracal at Naankuse sites