Cape Fur Seal (Arctocephalus pusillus)
Least Concern (LC)
Large cylindrical sea mammal with a dog-like head. They have a pair of hanging ears behind the eyes, with long whiskers on the muzzle. Males are significantly larger than females and are grey to black in colour. Females are smaller with brown coats and lighter on the underside.
||Males 200-350kg, females 75-120kg
||Average of 2.3 meters (males); Average of 1.8 meters (females)
Cape fur seals are permanent (non-migratory) residents in their territories, but spend most of their time out at sea. They prefer rocky offshore islands to the mainland, which are visited through generations as pupping (birthing) areas.
Highly gregarious, with some colonies numbering over 3000.
||Mating will occur usually about 6 days after a female has given birth.
||Mid October, with breeding occurring in November/December.
|Number of offspring
||Single calves are born, weighing between 4.5-7kg.
Cape fur seals spend most of their year offshore at sea; mostly on islands and parts of the mainland coast in Namibia to Port Elizabeth.
Fish make up 70% of the South African Fur Seals diet, with squid making 20% and crustaceans, cephalopods and sometimes even birds making up the rest.
Sharks, killer whales, jackals and brown hyenas (predating on coastal colonies), pollution, and humans.
Cape Fur Seal at Naankuse sites