Brown Hyena (Hyaena brunnea)
Near Threatened (NT)
Large dog-like size with shoulders higher than rump; long dark brown hair with lighter neck and shoulders. Its ears are pointed and it has a long haired tail; legs are striped black and light brown.
||80cm shoulder height
Brown hyena are mainly nocturnal, with territory sizes from around 20km² to over 400km². These territories are marked with latrine sites, scent markings, and are defended against other brown hyena groups. They are mainly scavengers but will undertake hunts from time to time. Hunting and scavenging are done mostly on a solo basis.
Although brown hyenas can have several individuals in territorial groups, they are mostly seen singly. They are mostly only seen in groups at large kill sites or carcasses. Groups consist mainly of related family individuals, with average family sizes between 4-6 individuals.
||Mainly during the dry months, but may occur during spontaneous visits by nomadic males.
|Number of offspring
||2-3 cubs are born from August to January
Wide habitat tolerance, from open savanna and wooded areas to the arid Namib coastal belt.
Brown hyena are mainly scavengers but also eats a wide variety of food such as small vertebrates, insects, and fruits to medium sized antelope and fur seals. They will hunt, but only rarely attempt to take down larger prey.
Lions, leopards, humans
Brown Hyena at Naankuse sites