Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis)

Conservation Status

Endangered (EN)

Physical Description

The Black rhino, although large, is in fact smaller than the white rhino. Fitted with a hooked upper lip, and a front horn larger than its back horn, the black rhino is a prehistoric looking beast.
Weight 800 – 1,400 km
Size 1.3 – 1.8m
Lifespan (wild) 35-50 years
Lifespan (captivity) 50 years


Males are aggressive for two purposes, protecting their territory against intruders and competing over females. Males will often fight to the death during mating season and inflict devastating wounds with their horns.

Social and Reproduction

Adult black rhinos are solitary while females and their daughters can stay together for up to 12 years. During breeding season, males will often fiercely fight one another over females, sometimes to the death.

Mating System Polygamy (Polgyny)
Breeding interval 2 - 3 years
Breeding season Oct - Dec
Gestation 15 Months
Number of offspring 1

Habitat and Food


Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, Shrublands and Deserts.


Black Rhinos are browsers, they eat grass and leaves but specifically the leaves from the acacia tree. Their lip is especially designed to avoid thorns and seek out the nutrient high food source.


Rhinos are no easy meal for predators and are not often targeted by carnivores. Their thick hide makes them prey to only lions and humans. Human’s target rhinos for their horns and skin which is incorrectly sold for its medicinal qualities.

Conservation Challenges

Poaching and hunting are the major factor influencing the decline of the Black Rhino population. Rhino horn is targeted for its medicinal value and healing properties.

Naankuse Solutions

Naankuse works to preserve habitat across Namibia so that animals like the Rhino can roam freely in their natural habitat. We do not currently have any Rhino’s on any of our sites.


Support our conservation activity and whilst Black Rhinoceros are not at Naankuse you can sure they are nearby and other animals need your help.
Come Help Us

Black Rhinoceros at Naankuse sites