Baboons (Savanna Baboon, Papio ursinus)

Conservation Status

Least Concern (LC)

Physical Description

The Chacma baboon is one of the largest of the baboons. A dark brown coat, with golden undertones, the Chacma baboon does not have bright distinguishing features that would be found in animals like the mandrill. With long front canines and an elongated face the Chacma baboon has a fearsome profile.
Weight 12-45 kg
Size 50 -115 cm
Lifespan (wild) 30-40 years
Lifespan (captivity) 60 years


Social and Reproduction

Mating System Polygamy (Polgyny)
Breeding interval
Breeding season
Gestation 6 months
Number of offspring 1

Habitat and Food


The Chacma baboon inhabits a wide array of habitats including woodland, savanna, steppes, and subdeserts. During the night the Chacma baboon look for hills, cliffs, or large trees in which to sleep.


Baboons are scavengers. They are for the most part herbivores but will make prey of vulnerable animals if the situation calls for it. However usually opt for berries, fruits, grasses and small insects.


Baboons are preyed upon by large carnivores such as lions, leopards and hyenas. Their largest threat, however, is humans.

Conservation Challenges

The baboon’s major predators are humans

Humans kill baboons for a variety of reasons. Baboons can be killed because of their tendency to be viewed as agricultural pests as well as for their skins—this is more common with the hamadryas baboon. Use of baboons in laboratories and medical research has also increased.

Baboons are losing their homes

Habitat loss due to overgrazing, agricultural expansion, irrigation projects, and overall human settlement growth is a threat to baboons.

Naankuse Solutions

Rescue traumatised infants who have lost their parents

Naankuse works diligently to care for orphaned and injured baboons. Our volunteer program is largely focused around our captive baboon population. New born baboons spend cold nights in the care of volunteers who simulate a maternal experience. This 24 hr care and interaction allows these animals to grow into fully grown baboons with our assistance every step of the way.

Introduce conservation through particiaption and education

Naankuse works to educate international and local populations on the charm and charisma of baboons. Baboons are considered pests in Namibia and positive interaction with the animal helps to change views and avoid conflict situations.


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