African Wild Cat (Felis silvestris)

Conservation Status

Least Concern (LC)

Physical Description

Generally grey-brown with bushy tails and a well-defined pattern of black stripes over their entire body. Their fur is short and soft. Their coloration is similar to that of a tabby domestic cat and makes them difficult to see in their forested habitats.
Weight Males: 4 - 5 kg Females: 2.7 - 4 kg
Size Body length: 500 to 750 mm Tail length: 210 to 350 mm
Lifespan (wild) 15 years
Lifespan (captivity) 30 years

Behaviors

Are usually active at night or at dusk and dawn, although they are also active during the day, particularly in areas with little human disturbance. Wild cats often travel widely at night in search prey.

Social and Reproduction

Are primarily solitary animals

Mating System Polygamy (Polgyny)
Breeding interval mostly one litter per year
Breeding season births occur usually in May
Gestation 60 - 70 days
Number of offspring One to eight

Habitat and Food

Habitat

African wild cats occur throughout Africa in a wide variety of habitats. In desert regions they are restricted to mountainous areas and waterways.

Food

Primary Diet: carnivore (mice, rats) Other: birds, mammals, reptiles, carrion, insects, terrestrial non-insect arthropods

Predators

Are preyed upon as young cats by larger predators, such as foxes, wolves, other cats, and large birds of prey, such as owls and hawks.

Conservation Challenges

Habitat loss; Inbreeding with domestic cats which results in genetic loss.

Naankuse Solutions

EDUCATION!! Rehabilitation; Reintroduction

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African Wild Cat at Naankuse sites