Aardvarks are found throughout sub-Saharan Africa, except for the West and Central rain forest regions. grassland and savanna habitats in sub-Saharan Africa They are rarely found in areas that have hard, compact soil, rocky areas, or areas that frequently flood. They often live in temporary holes that are a few meters in length, but can also live in complex and intricate burrows, which can have eight or more entrances and extend as much as 6 meters underground
Aardvarks eat at night and are myrmecophagous, i.e. they specialize on ants and termites. They dig rapidly into the sides or center of ant and termite nests or mounds, while feeding at the same time. The ants and termites are swept into their small mouth with their long, sticky tongue. Aardvarks swallow without chewing their food, or after chewing their food very little. Most of the predator defences that ants and termites use including biting, stinging and chemical defences do not seem to affect aardvarks. Colonies of ants and termites are rarely destroyed after an aardvark feeds and can be built back up and re-established. up to 50,000 termites and ants in one night. May also feed on grasshoppers and beetle. One interesting addition is the ‘aardvark cucumber (Cucumis humifructus) which often grows below ground near abandoned aardvark burrows. Aardvarks are the only animal known to feed on this species and are therefore critical in the dispersal of its seeds.
humans (Homo sapiens), lions (Panthera leo), hyenas (Hyaenidae), leopards (Panthera pardus)